Paulo Freire's critical view of the traditional concept of education, often termed the 'banking' concept of education, has been highly influential in educational thought since the publication of his book Pedagogy of the Oppressed. The idea of the ‘banking’ concept of education was first introduced by Freire as a way to critique the traditional education system, which he saw as oppressive and dehumanizing.
At its core, the banking concept of education views students as empty vessels that must be filled with knowledge and understanding by an authoritative teacher. The teacher is seen as the knower and the students as the know-nots, with the emphasis placed on memorisation and the regurgitation of facts. Freire argues that this approach to education is oppressive, as it prevents students from being active participants in the learning process and fails to engage them in meaningful dialogue about the material being taught.
In contrast to the banking concept of education, Freire proposes that education should be a dialogical process, in which students and teachers work together to construct knowledge. Rather than viewing knowledge as something to be imparted from teacher to student, Freire argues that knowledge is something that is constructed by both teacher and student through a process of dialogue. In this way, Freire suggests that education should be seen as a process of liberating students from the oppressive nature of the banking concept of education.
The banking concept of education has had a major influence on educational thinking and has been widely debated and critiqued in the decades since Freire first wrote about it. It is an important concept to consider when evaluating the effectiveness of any educational system, and one that should not be overlooked.
Paulo Freire, a Brazilian educator and philosopher, wrote extensively about the banking concept of education and its implications for teaching and learning. The banking concept of education is a metaphor used by Freire to describe a traditional educational model in which knowledge is seen as a commodity to be deposited in the minds of students. This model places the teacher at the center of the classroom, as the authority who distributes knowledge to students. In this model, students are expected to passively receive and store knowledge, without question or critical thinking. Freire argued that this model of education perpetuates oppressive power structures and fails to foster critical thinking, creativity, and critical inquiry in students.
Freire's revolutionary ideas on education challenged traditional notions of teaching and learning. He argued that education should be a two-way process in which both the teacher and the student are engaged in a dialogue. This dialogic approach to education emphasizes the importance of listening and understanding the perspective of the student. It also allows for the exploration of ideas and encourages critical thinking and creativity. Freire's ideas have been influential in the development of progressive approaches to education, such as student-centered learning, constructivism, and inquiry-based learning.
The banking concept of education is an important concept to consider when thinking about the current state of education. While Freire's ideas may not be the only way to approach education, they provide an important perspective on how traditional educational models can be improved to better foster critical inquiry and creativity in students.